Incipient fault detection plays a crucial role in preventing the occurrence of serious faults or failures in industrial processes. In most industrial processes, linear, and nonlinear relationships coexist. To improve fault detection performance, both linear and nonlinear features should be considered simultaneously. In this article, a novel hybrid linear-nonlinear statistical modeling approach for data-driven incipient fault detection is proposed by closely integrating recently developed canonical variate dissimilarity analysis and mixed kernel principal component analysis (MKPCA) using a serial model structure. Specifically, canonical variate analysis (CVA) is first applied to estimate the canonical variables (CVs) from the collected process data. Linear features are extracted from the estimated CVs. Then, the canonical variate dissimilarity (CVD) which quantifies model residuals in the CVA state-subspace is calculated using the estimated CVs. To explore the nonlinear features, the nonlinear principal components are extracted as nonlinear features through performing MKPCA on CVD. Fault detection indices are formed based on Hotelling's T2 as well as Q statistics from the extracted linear and nonlinear features. Moreover, kernel density estimation is utilized to determine the control limits. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by the comparisons with other relevant methods via simulations based on a closed-loop continuous stirred-tank reactor process.
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- Canonical variate analysis (CVA)
- dissimilarity analysis
- incipient fault detection
- kernel principal component analysis (KPCA)
- mixed kernel