Side-channel attacks (SCA) focus on vulnerabilities caused by insecure implementations and exploit them to deduce useful information about the data being processed or the data itself through leakages obtained from the device. There have been many studies exploiting these leakages, and most of the state-of-the-art attacks have been shown to work on AES implementations. The methodology is usually based on exploiting leakages for the outer rounds, i.e., the first and the last round. In some cases, due to partial countermeasures or the nature of the device itself, it might not be possible to attack the outer rounds. In this case, the attacker needs to resort to attacking the inner rounds. This work provides a generalization for inner round side-channel attacks on AES and experimentally validates it with non-profiled and profiled attacks. We formulate the computation of the hypothesis values of any byte in the intermediate rounds. The more inner the AES round is, the higher is the attack complexity in terms of the number of bits to be guessed for the hypothesis. We discuss the main limitations for obtaining predictions in inner rounds and, in particular, we compare the performance of Correlation Power Analysis (CPA) against deep learning-based profiled side-channel attacks (DL-SCA). We show that because trained deep learning models require fewer traces in the attack phase, they also have fewer complexity limitations to attack inner AES rounds than non-profiled attacks such as CPA. This paper is the first to propose deep learning-based profiled attacks on inner rounds of AES to the best of our knowledge.
|Title of host publication||Applied Cryptography and Network Security Workshops - ACNS 2022 Satellite Workshops, AIBlock, AIHWS, AIoTS, CIMSS, Cloud S and P, SCI, SecMT, SiMLA, Proceedings|
|Editors||Jianying Zhou, Sudipta Chattopadhyay, Sridhar Adepu, Cristina Alcaraz, Lejla Batina, Emiliano Casalicchio, Chenglu Jin, Jingqiang Lin, Eleonora Losiouk, Suryadipta Majumdar, Weizhi Meng, Stjepan Picek, Yury Zhauniarovich, Jun Shao, Chunhua Su, Cong Wang, Saman Zonouz|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
|Event||Satellite Workshops on AIBlock, AIHWS, AIoTS, CIMSS, Cloud S and P, SCI, SecMT, SiMLA 2022, held in conjunction with the 20th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security, ACNS 2022 - Virtual, Online|
Duration: 20 Jun 2022 → 23 Jun 2022
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|
|Conference||Satellite Workshops on AIBlock, AIHWS, AIoTS, CIMSS, Cloud S and P, SCI, SecMT, SiMLA 2022, held in conjunction with the 20th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security, ACNS 2022|
|Period||20/06/22 → 23/06/22|
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