Research output per year
Research output per year
Matthew Thorpe^{*}, Yves van Gennip
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
Neural networks have been very successful in many applications; we often, however, lack a theoretical understanding of what the neural networks are actually learning. This problem emerges when trying to generalise to new data sets. The contribution of this paper is to show that, for the residual neural network model, the deep layer limit coincides with a parameter estimation problem for a nonlinear ordinary differential equation. In particular, whilst it is known that the residual neural network model is a discretisation of an ordinary differential equation, we show convergence in a variational sense. This implies that optimal parameters converge in the deep layer limit. This is a stronger statement than saying for a fixed parameter the residual neural network model converges (the latter does not in general imply the former). Our variational analysis provides a discrete-to-continuum Γ -convergence result for the objective function of the residual neural network training step to a variational problem constrained by a system of ordinary differential equations; this rigorously connects the discrete setting to a continuum problem.
Original language | English |
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Article number | 6 |
Journal | Research in Mathematical Sciences |
Volume | 10 |
Issue number | 1 |
DOIs | |
Publication status | Published - 2023 |
Research output: Contribution to journal › Comment/Letter to the editor › Scientific › peer-review