Deformation and fracture of 3D printed disordered lattice materials: Experiments and modeling

Yading Xu, Hongzhi Zhang*, Branko Šavija, Stefan Chaves Figueiredo, Erik Schlangen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
167 Downloads (Pure)


A method is presented to model deformation and fracture behavior of 3D printed disordered lattice materials under uniaxial tensile load. A lattice model was used to predict crack pattern and load-displacement response of the printed lattice materials. To include the influence of typical layered structures of 3D printed materials in the simulation, two types of printed elements were considered: horizontally and vertically printed elements. Strengths of these elements were measured: 3 mm cubic units consist of lattice elements with two printing directions were printed and their strengths were tested in uniaxial tension. Afterwards, the measured element strengths and bulk material strength, respectively, were used as model input. Uniaxial tensile tests were also performed on the printed lattice materials to obtain their crack pattern and load-displacement curves. Simulations and experimental results were comparatively analyzed. For both levels of disorder considered, only when measured strengths were assigned to the elements with identical printing direction, are the predicted crack patterns and load-displacement curves in agreement with experimental results. The results emphasize the importance of considering printing direction when simulating mechanical performance of 3D printed structures. The influence of disorder on lattice material mechanical properties was discussed based on the experiments and simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-153
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2019


  • 3D printing
  • Fracture
  • Lattice material
  • Lattice model
  • Uniaxial tensile test


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