Degradation and mechanism of microcystin-LR by PbCrO4 nanorods driven by visible light

Guoshuai Liu, Guoqiang Zhang*, Shuo Zhang, Yangsen Xu, Xun Yang, Xuedong Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This work focuses on the photocatalytic removal of recalcitrant organic pollutants in water treatment. Based on facile precipitation reaction, we fabricated a photocatalyst (PbCrO4) in single crystals that present evident response to visible light and employed the catalyst in the photocatalytic decomposition of microcystin-LR (MC-LR). In the degradation test using the nanorods with prepared PbCrO4 photocatalyst, a 100% removal efficiency (27 min reaction) and a kinetics constant of 0.1356 min−1 were achieved. Such a high performance of PbCrO4 in photocatalytic conversion of MC-LR was ascribed to its high carrier separation efficiency, positive valence band (VB) position, and good delocalization of VB and conduction band (CB). The test of electron spin-resonance resonance (ESR) demonstrated that excessive free [rad]OH radicals were produced during the PbCrO4 photocatalysis of MC-LR. The density functional theory (DFT) and LC/MS/MS technology were employed to ascertain the intermediates during the MC-LR photocatalytic degradation. The major intermediates were resulted from the attack of hydroxyl radicals to the ADDA side chains of MC-LR structure. This study provides a proof-of-concept strategy to develop effective photocatalysts to efficiently produce [rad]OH radicals for the visible-light induced photocatalytic degradation of MC-LR in water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124739
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Degradation and mechanism
  • MC-LR
  • PbCrO single crystal
  • Photocatalysis
  • •OH radicals


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