Design and Characterization of a Magnetic Loop Antenna for Partial Discharge Measurements in Gas Insulated Substations

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A recent investigation explored a new measuring concept used in partial discharges (PD) measurements in gas insulated substations (GIS), consisting of a magnetic loop antenna. The sensor's frequency response was characterized up to some tens of MHz. This paper proposes an improved version of the sensor with an extended bandwidth (BW) one order of magnitude higher: a resonance, attributed to a common mode current in the mounting hole, is identified and eliminated employing ferrite beads in the feeder cables. Moreover, this publication proposes an electric circuit model that fully covers the transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) frequency range in GIS. The electric model is compared against experimental measurements using a 1 GHz bandwidth testbench, giving accurate results. Two contributions are achieved in this research: an improved magnetic loop antenna with extended bandwidth and an accurate electric circuit model. This publication paves the way for further research on time resolution and signal postprocessing techniques for magnetic loop antennas in GIS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9453750
Pages (from-to)18618-18625
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • GIS
  • Magnetic loop antenna
  • VHF
  • broadband antenna
  • electric circuit
  • high voltage
  • partial discharges
  • transfer function

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