The interest in building hybrid Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is increasing intensively due to its capability to perform Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL), in addition to forward flight. With this capability, the hybrid UAVs are highly on demand in various industries. In this paper, a fixed-wing VTOL UAV with a novel configuration of a dual rotor-embedded wing was designed and developed. The methodology used in the design process adopted the traditional sizing and aerodynamic estimation method with advanced computational simulations and estimation approaches. The design was determined based on a thorough analysis of weight contribution, aerodynamics, propulsion, and stability and control. The results show that the UAV's preliminary design has successfully reached a total weight of 1.318 kg, achieved a high lift-to-drag ratio of approximately 4, and ensured stable flights with Level 1 flying qualities. A fixed-wing VTOL prototype was developed and fabricated based on the final design parameters using a low-cost hand lay-up process.
- Composite Wing Fabrication
- Preliminary Design
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
- Vertical Take-off and Landing