Design and Fabrication of a Dual Rotor-Embedded Wing Vertical Take-Off and Landing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Seng Man Wong, Hann Woei Ho, Mohd Zulkifly Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The interest in building hybrid Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is increasing intensively due to its capability to perform Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL), in addition to forward flight. With this capability, the hybrid UAVs are highly on demand in various industries. In this paper, a fixed-wing VTOL UAV with a novel configuration of a dual rotor-embedded wing was designed and developed. The methodology used in the design process adopted the traditional sizing and aerodynamic estimation method with advanced computational simulations and estimation approaches. The design was determined based on a thorough analysis of weight contribution, aerodynamics, propulsion, and stability and control. The results show that the UAV's preliminary design has successfully reached a total weight of 1.318 kg, achieved a high lift-to-drag ratio of approximately 4, and ensured stable flights with Level 1 flying qualities. A fixed-wing VTOL prototype was developed and fabricated based on the final design parameters using a low-cost hand lay-up process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-63
Number of pages19
JournalUnmanned Systems
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Composite Wing Fabrication
  • Preliminary Design
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Vertical Take-off and Landing

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