Design for Sanitation: How does design influence train toilet hygiene?

M. Loth

Research output: ThesisDissertation (TU Delft)

133 Downloads (Pure)


Humans are travelling, and they may need a toilet on the go.
However, they try to avoid this toilet because they perceive it as being dirty.
This research project improved the Dutch train toilet's hygiene by reducing physical, mental, and social distances between toilet, dirt, and train travellers.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Delft University of Technology
  • van Eijk, D.J., Supervisor
  • Molenbroek, J.F.M., Advisor
Award date23 Apr 2021
Place of PublicationDelft
Print ISBNs978-94-6421-320-1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • train
  • toilet
  • hygiene
  • accessibility
  • observational research
  • urinal


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