Design of broadband high-efficiency superconducting-nanowire single photon detectors

L. Redaelli, G. Bulgarini, S. Dobrovolskiy, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, E Monroy, J. M. Gérard

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)
    44 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    In this paper several designs to maximize the absorption efficiency of superconducting-nanowire single-photon detectors are investigated. Using a simple optical cavity consisting of a gold mirror and a SiO2 layer, the absorption efficiency can be boosted to over 97%: this result is confirmed experimentally by the realization of an NbTiN-based detector having an overall system detection efficiency of 85% at 1.31 μm. Calculations show that by sandwiching the nanowire between two dielectric Bragg reflectors, unity absorption (>99.9%) could be reached at the peak wavelength for optimized structures. To achieve broadband high efficiency, a different approach is considered: a waveguide-coupled detector. The calculations performed in this work show that, by correctly dimensioning the waveguide and the nanowire, polarization-insensitive detectors absorbing more than 95% of the injected photons over a wavelength range of several hundred nm can be designed. We propose a detector design making use of GaN/AlN waveguides, since these materials allow lattice-matched epitaxial deposition of Nb(Ti)N films and are transparent on a very wide wavelength range.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number065016
    Number of pages9
    JournalSuperconductor Science & Technology
    Volume29
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Accepted Author Manuscript

    Keywords

    • microcavity
    • nitride
    • photodetectors
    • single-photon detectors
    • SNSPD
    • superconducting-nanowire detectors
    • waveguide

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