Developing a Cyber Operations Computational Ontology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Cyber operations lack models, methodologies, and mechanisms to describe relevant data and knowledge. This problem is directly reflected when cyber operations are conducted and their effects assessed, and it can produce dissonance and disturbance in corresponding decision-making processes and communication between different military actors. To tackle these issues, this article proposes a knowledge model for cyber operations implemented as a computational ontology following a design science approach grounded on extensive technical-military research. This model classifies the essential entities of cyber operations and is exemplified in three case studies. Validation results show that this model can be used to describe cyber operations clearly and concisely.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-49
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Information Warfare
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Cyber Operations
  • Cyber Warfare
  • Cyber Weapons
  • Cyber Security
  • Ontology
  • Artificial Intelligence


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