Development and Testing of the CityJSON Energy Extension for Space heating Demand Calculation

Ö Tufan*, K. Arroyo Ohori, C. León-Sánchez, G. Agugiaro, J. Stoter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

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3D city models are frequently used to acquire and store energy-related information of buildings for energy applications. In this context, CityGML is the most common data model, and the Energy ADE, one of its most complex extensions, provides a systematic way of storing detailed energy-related data in XML format. Contrarily, even though CityGML's JSON-based encoding, CityJSON, has an extension mechanism, an energy-related CityJSON Extension is missing. This paper, therefore, presents the first results of the development of a CityJSON Energy Extension and space heating demand calculation is utilized as the use case. The simplified version of the Energy ADE, called the Energy ADE KIT profile, is used to create a semi-direct translation to the CityJSON Energy Extension. This Extension is then validated through the official validator of CityJSON and the use case, and improvements are made considering the validation results. The space heating demand is calculated according to the Dutch standard NTA 8800 for a subset of Rijssen-Holten in the Netherlands although the solar gains calculation requires further review. The results show that the final CityJSON Energy Extension provides full support for space heating demand calculations based on the NTA 8800 and eliminates the deep hierarchical structure of the Energy ADE. A comparison on CityJSON file sizes shows a 25.2 MB increase after the required input data is stored in a CityJSON + Energy Extension file, which is not significant considering the high amount of data stored in the file. Overall, this paper shows that the CityJSON Energy Extension could provide an easy-to-use alternative to the CityGML Energy ADE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-176
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives
Issue number4/W4-2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event17th 3D GeoInfo Conference, 3DGeoinfo 2022 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 19 Oct 202221 Oct 2022


  • 3D City Modelling
  • CityGML
  • CityJSON
  • Energy ADE
  • Space Heating Demand
  • Urban Energy Modelling


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