Development of a new smart evacuation modelling technique for underground mines using mathematical programming

R.S.H. Meij, J. Sattarvand, M. Soleymani Shishvan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Navigating miners during an evacuation using a smart evacuation technology can
significantly decrease the evacuation time of an underground mine in case of an
emergency. This paper presents a mathematical programming model to calculate the most efficient escape path for each miner as a critical component of the smart evacuation technology. In this model, the total evacuation distance of the crew is minimised and scenarios with blocked pathways, and stamina categories for the miners are simulated. It was found that all the tested scenarios are technically feasible. Using the feature that filters out blocked pathways has no downsides, as safer routes are calculated, and there is no penalty in the computation time. The paper also discusses the social and technical issues that need to be overcome before the algorithm can be implemented as an actual escape solution.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings APCOM 2021
PublisherThe Southern African institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-1-928410-26-3
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventAPCOM 2021 Mineral Industry 4.0: The next digital transformation in mining - Virtual event
Duration: 30 Aug 20211 Sept 2021


ConferenceAPCOM 2021 Mineral Industry 4.0
Abbreviated titleAPCOM 2021
Internet address


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