Development of a risk assessment approach by combining SPA-fuzzy method with Petri-net

Jianfeng Zhou*, Genserik Reniers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Risk assessment can reveal the level of a safety situation which can be very important info for company safety management. Considering the multiple factors in risk assessment of a system and the vagueness nature of many factors, and using the benefits of the Petri-net in modeling and reasoning, a weighted fuzzy Petri-net (WFPN) based risk assessment approach which combines WFPN with the SPA-fuzzy method is proposed in this paper. The SPA-fuzzy method is utilized to establish the membership functions for fuzzy assessment, taking its advantage in comparing identity, contrary and discrepancy features of two different sets. In this study, the WFPN is redefined to model relationships between assessment factors, and the matrix-based fuzzy reasoning algorithm is provided to assess the factors in parallel. The application of the proposed risk assessment approach is illustrated by case studies: the risk assessment of a chemical storage tank area and the ignition accident assessment of hydrogen refueling stations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105372
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Multi-factor assessment
  • Process industry
  • Risk assessment
  • Weighted fuzzy Petri-net


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