Diamagnetically levitating resonant weighing scale

Xianfeng Chen*, Nimit Kothari, Ata Keşkekler, Peter G. Steeneken, Farbod Alijani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Diamagnetic levitation offers stable confinement of an object from its environment at zero power, and thus is a promising technique for developing next generation unclamped resonant sensors. In this work, we realize a resonant weighing scale using a graphite plate that is diamagnetically levitating over a checkerboard arrangement of permanent magnets. We characterize the bending vibrations of the levitating object using laser Doppler vibrometry and use microgram glass beads to calibrate the responsivity of the sensor's resonance frequency to mass changes. The sensor is used for real-time measurement of the evaporation rate of nano-litre droplets with high-accuracy. By analyzing the resonator's frequency stability, we show that the millimeter graphite sensor can reach mass resolutions down to 4.0 ng, relevant to biological and chemical sensing concepts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112842
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Diamagnetic levitation
  • Liquid sensing
  • Mass sensor
  • Resonant sensor


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