Accuracy in spinal fusion varies greatly depending on the experience of the physician. Real-time tissue feedback with diffuse reflectance spectroscopy has been shown to provide cortical breach detection using a conventional probe with two parallel fibers. In this study, Monte Carlo simulations and optical phantom experiments were conducted to investigate how angulation of the emitting fiber affects the probed volume to allow for the detection of acute breaches. Difference in intensity magnitude between cancellous and cortical spectra increased with the fiber angle, suggesting that outward angulated fibers are beneficial in acute breach scenarios. Proximity to the cortical bone could be detected best with fibers angulated at θf = 45° for impending breaches between θp = 0° and θp = 45°. An orthopedic surgical device comprising a third fiber perpendicular to the device axis could thus cover the full impending breach range from θp = 0° to θp = 90°.
Data underlying the publication: "Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy of the Spine: Improved Breach Detection With Angulated Fibers"
Losch, M. S. (Creator), TU Delft - 4TU.ResearchData, 2 Feb 2023