Divorce in the two-component BVMO family: the single oxygenase for enantioselective chemo-enzymatic Baeyer-Villiger oxidations dagger: The single oxygenase for enantioselective chemo-enzymatic Baeyer-Villiger oxidations

Robert Röllig, Caroline E. Paul, Magalie Claeys-Bruno, Katia Duquesne, Selin Kara, Véronique Alphand

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Abstract

Two-component flavoprotein monooxygenases consist of a reductase and an oxygenase enzyme. The proof of functionality of the latter without its counterpart as well as the mechanism of flavin transfer remains unanswered beyond doubt. To tackle this question, we utilized a reductase-free reaction system applying purified 2,5-diketocamphane-monooxygenase I (2,5-DKCMO), a FMN-dependent type II Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase, and synthetic nicotinamide analogues (NCBs) as dihydropyridine derivatives for FMN reduction. This system demonstrated the stand-alone quality of the oxygenase, as well as the mechanism of FMNH2transport by free diffusion. The efficiency of this reductase-free system strongly relies on the balance of FMN reduction and enzymatic (re)oxidation, since reduced FMN in solution causes undesired side reactions, such as hydrogen peroxide formation. Design of experiments allowed us to (i) investigate the effect of various reaction parameters, underlining the importance to balance the FMN/FMNH2cycle, (ii) optimize the reaction system for the enzymatic Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of rac-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one,rac-camphor, andrac-norcamphor. Finally, this study not only demonstrates the reductase-independence of 2,5-DKCMO, but also revisits the terminology of two-component flavoprotein monooxygenases for this specific case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3441-3450
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Volume19
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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