DNA sequence encodes the position of DNA supercoils

Sung Hyun Kim, Mahipal Ganji, Eugene Kim, Jaco van der Torre, Elio Abbondanzieri, Cees Dekker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)
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The three-dimensional organization of DNA is increasingly understood to play a decisive role in vital cellular processes. Many studies focus on the role of DNA-packaging proteins, crowding, and confinement in arranging chromatin, but structural information might also be directly encoded in bare DNA itself. Here, we visualize plectonemes (extended intertwined DNA structures formed upon supercoiling) on individual DNA molecules. Remarkably, our experiments show that the DNA sequence directly encodes the structure of supercoiled DNA by pinning plectonemes at specific sequences. We develop a physical model that predicts that sequence-dependent intrinsic curvature is the key determinant of pinning strength and demonstrate this simple model provides very good agreement with the data. Analysis of several prokaryotic genomes indicates that plectonemes localize directly upstream of promoters, which we experimentally confirm for selected promotor sequences. Our findings reveal a hidden code in the genome that helps to spatially organize the chromosomal DNA.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • C. elegans
  • chromosome organization
  • chromosomes
  • D. melanogaster
  • DNA structure
  • DNA Supercoil
  • E. coli
  • fluorescence
  • gene expression
  • physics of living systems
  • plectoneme
  • S. cerevisiae
  • single molecule


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