Numerical analyses incorporating appropriate damage models provide an opportunity to predict the strength and deformation capacity of steel structures. This paper presents a practical calibration for the ductile damage model of S355 and high-strength steel S690Q, S700MC, S960Q based on tensile coupon test results. A combined linear and power expression is adopted to calibrate the post-necking damaged stress–strain relations of the investigated steels, upon which the undamaged stress–strain relations are estimated further. Damage initiation criterion is based on the Rice-Tracey model and damage evolution law is related to the calibrated damaged stress and the estimated undamaged stress. Fracture of the tensile coupons is modelled using a critical damage variable. Tensile coupon tests on the investigated steels are modelled in ABAQUS with the explicit solver. Results show that combining the proposed post-necking stress–strain relations and ductile damage model generates very good predictions for strain localization and final fracture of the tensile coupons. Numerical engineering stress–strain curves agree well with the experimental results. It also indicates that high-strength steels are more susceptible to damage than S355. The damage variable of S960Q is about 2 times as large as that of S355 from the onset of necking to the final fracture.
Bibliographical noteGreen Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.
- Ductile damage model
- High-strength steel
- Post-necking stress–strain
- Rice-Tracey model
- Strain localization
- Tensile coupon test