Dynamic Characterization of a Real-Scale Prestressed Concrete Beam Tested Until Failure

Pablo L. Sierra*, Mauro Poliotti, Yuguang Yang, Xavier Martinez García, Rolando Chacón

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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In this work, dynamic characterization of a simply supported beam is carried out during different steps in a failure load test. The main goal of this work is to evaluate the evolution of the structural dynamic parameters of the beam with different status of damage. Real-scale prestressed concrete beams are tested to investigate its shear behaviour as a part of a large research program at TU Delft. Four dynamic tests are performed at different damage status of the beam: firstly in the initial or undamaged condition; secondly after the first flexural cracks; then, after shear cracking; and finally in the full damaged condition. The dynamic excitation is performed with an impact load at fixed location on the top of the beam and the vibration data is recorded by three different systems. The first one is a cost-effective and open source monitoring equipment, consisting of seven low-cost accelerometers. The second system is based on five trusted high performance accelerometers. The last one is a commercial alternative consisting of four high accuracy piezoelectric accelerometers. Acceleration data is analysed afterwards using Operational Modal Analysis techniques to obtain modal frequencies, modal shapes and damping of the structure in the different states. The obtained dynamic behaviour of the structure and its results are discussed and compared. It is concluded that a change in the frequency of the first flexural mode is only observed when the damage in the beam is very significant, while no changes are observed with the occurrence of flexural and shear cracks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding for the Future: Durable, Sustainable, Resilient.
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the fib Symposium 2023 - Volume 2
EditorsAlper Ilki, Derya Çavunt, Yavuz Selim Çavunt
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-32511-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-32510-6, 978-3-031-32513-7
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventInternational Symposium of the International Federation for Structural Concrete, fib Symposium 2023 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 5 Jun 20237 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
PublisherSpringer Cham
Volume350 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


ConferenceInternational Symposium of the International Federation for Structural Concrete, fib Symposium 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Dynamic Characterization
  • Prestressed Concrete
  • Operational Modal Analysis
  • Cost-Effective Devices
  • Monitoring
  • Shear Failure


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