he rate of change of coronary adjustment in the anesthetized dog to a step change in heart rate (HR) and in perfusion was analyzed. The left main coronary artery was perfused either at constant pressure (CP) or at constant flow (CF). Coronary arterial pressure and flow were continuously measured and averaged per beat, after which their ratio, being an index of coronary resistance in steady state, was calculated. The rate of change of pressure-to-flow ratio was quantified by t50, the time required to establish half of the completed response. The t50 values for the dilating responses at CP were 5.5 +/- 0.4 (SE) s for an increase in HR and 5.5 +/- 0.1 s for a decrease in perfusion. At CF these values were 9.3 +/- 0.9 and 9.7 +/- 1.6 s, respectively. The t50 values for the constricting responses with CP were 6.6 +/- 0.5 s for a decrease in HR and 6.2 +/- 0.2 s for an increase in perfusion. At CF these values were 12.2 +/- 1.5 and 10.8 +/- 2.2 s. The responses in the dog are faster than in the goat. Furthermore, the directional sensitivity in responses with perfusion changes, observed earlier in goats, is normally absent in dogs.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|