TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamical maps, quantum detailed balance, and the Petz recovery map

AU - Alhambra, Álvaro M.

AU - Woods, Mischa P.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Markovian master equations (formally known as quantum dynamical semigroups) can be used to describe the evolution of a quantum state ρ when in contact with a memoryless thermal bath. This approach has had much success in describing the dynamics of real-life open quantum systems in the laboratory. Such dynamics increase the entropy of the state ρ and the bath until both systems reach thermal equilibrium, at which point entropy production stops. Our main result is to show that the entropy production at time t is bounded by the relative entropy between the original state and the state at time 2t. The bound puts strong constraints on how quickly a state can thermalize, and we prove that the factor of 2 is tight. The proof makes use of a key physically relevant property of these dynamical semigroups, detailed balance, showing that this property is intimately connected with the field of recovery maps from quantum information theory. We envisage that the connections made here between the two fields will have further applications. We also use this connection to show that a similar relation can be derived when the fixed point is not thermal.

AB - Markovian master equations (formally known as quantum dynamical semigroups) can be used to describe the evolution of a quantum state ρ when in contact with a memoryless thermal bath. This approach has had much success in describing the dynamics of real-life open quantum systems in the laboratory. Such dynamics increase the entropy of the state ρ and the bath until both systems reach thermal equilibrium, at which point entropy production stops. Our main result is to show that the entropy production at time t is bounded by the relative entropy between the original state and the state at time 2t. The bound puts strong constraints on how quickly a state can thermalize, and we prove that the factor of 2 is tight. The proof makes use of a key physically relevant property of these dynamical semigroups, detailed balance, showing that this property is intimately connected with the field of recovery maps from quantum information theory. We envisage that the connections made here between the two fields will have further applications. We also use this connection to show that a similar relation can be derived when the fixed point is not thermal.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028687381&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.022118

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.022118

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85028687381

VL - 96

JO - Physical Review A: covering atomic, molecular, and optical physics and quantum information

JF - Physical Review A: covering atomic, molecular, and optical physics and quantum information

SN - 2469-9926

IS - 2

M1 - 022118

ER -