Dynamics, Adaptation and Control for Mental Models: A Cognitive Architecture

Laila van Ments, Jan Treur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review


In this chapter, an overview of the wide variety of occurrences of mental models in the literature is discussed. They are classified according to two dimensions obtaining four categories of mental models: static-dynamic and world-mental, where static refers to mental models for static world states or for static mental states and dynamic refers to mental models for world processes or for mental processes. In addition, distinctions are made for what can be done by mental models: they can, for example, be (1) used for internal simulation, they can be (2) adapted, and these processes can be (3) controlled. This leads to a global three-level cognitive architecture covering these three ways of handling mental models. It is discussed that in this cognitive architecture reflection principles play an important role to define the interactions between the different levels.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMental Models and Their Dynamics, Adaptation, and Control
Subtitle of host publicationA Self-Modeling Network Modeling Approach
EditorsJan Treur, Laila Van Ments
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameStudies in Systems, Decision and Control
ISSN (Print)2198-4182
ISSN (Electronic)2198-4190


  • Adaptation
  • Cognitive architecture
  • Control
  • Dynamics
  • Mental model


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