Effect of curing methods during a long time gap between two printing sessions on the interlayer bonding of 3D printed cementitious materials

Yu Chen, Ze Chang*, Shan He, Oguzhan Copuroglu, Branko Šavija, Erik Schlangen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

A good bond between the layers of 3D printed cementitious materials is a prerequisite for having high structural rigidity for the printed elements. However, the influence of printing process on an interlayer bond is still not well understood. This study investigates the influence of curing methods (i.e., air curing, plastic film covering, wet towel covering and water mist-30 min/-60 min) on the interlayer bonding characteristics of 3D printed cementitious materials for a long time interval between two printing sessions. Results showed that the interlayer bonding could be improved by covering the substrate with a plastic film or a wet towel. However, applying water mist every 60 min/30 min on the deposited layer was detrimental to the interlayer bonding. Furthermore, the interlayer bond strength of studied specimens appeared to be dominated by the mechanical strength of the cementitious matrix at the interface rather than its air void structure. Therefore, covering unfinished printed elements with plastic film or wet towels can be a practical solution to maintain a sufficiently humid environment during long waiting periods, which is vital for its interlayer adhesion.
Original languageEnglish
Article number127394
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • 3D concrete printing
  • Curing methods
  • Interlayer bond strength
  • Long time intervals
  • Microstructure

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