Effect of Humidity on Gas Sensing Performance of Carbon Nanotube Gas Sensors Operated at Room Temperature

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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have shown promising results for gas sensing due to their high surface area. Since humidity has a great impact on the electrical conductivity of resistive CNT gas sensors, we have investigated the change of humidity on their sensing properties. In this study, we fabricated vertically aligned CNT-based gas sensors for the detection of volatile organic compounds. The morphologies and phase structures of the fabricated samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), confirming the presence of CNT with some surface impurities. It was found that a relative humidity increase from 10% to 80% can reduce the electrical conductivity of the sensor by around 4%. On the other hand, for a humidity above 80% the conductivity increased slightly. The fabricated device has been used as a gas sensor for volatile organic compounds, and the cross-sensitivity to humidity was investigated. It was found that in the fabricated sensors, a change in humidity up to 80% results in a 40% decrease in the response for the studied organic compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5763-5770
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Carbon nanotubes
  • cross-sensitivity
  • gas sensors
  • humidity
  • volatile organic compounds

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