Effect of laboratory aging on chemistry and rheology of crumb rubber modified bitumen

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Abstract

Aging during construction and in-service substantially changes the chemical composition and physical properties of bitumen thereof influences the performance of asphalt pavements. The modification of bitumen by crumb rubber modifier (CRM) significantly increases the complexity of the aging mechanism and is expected to improve the aging resistance of bitumen. This study aims to investigate the effects of laboratory short-term and long-term aging on the chemistry and rheology of crumb rubber modified bitumen (CRMB). Neat bitumen and CRMB with four different CRM contents were studied. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and dynamic shear rheometer were employed to measure the change in the chemical composition and rheological properties of binders at different aging states. Bitumen hardening, which was rheologically revealed by the frequency sweep and multiple creep recovery test results, was also reflected in the growth of carbonyl and sulfoxide functional groups. In addition, the aliphaticity and aromaticity indices of binders before and after aging were also investigated. CRMB binders showed improved aging resistance compared to neat bitumen as reflected by the decreased carbonyl and sulfoxide indices as well as the lower change in rheological parameters. Higher resistance against aging was achieved when increasing the CRM content. The results also highlight the correlation between chemistry and rheology of bitumen. Among six selected mechanical parameters of binder, the non-recoverable creep compliance and percent recovery show better correlations with the combined chemical aging index (sum of carbonyl and sulfoxide indices) than the parameters derived from the linear viscoelastic region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Chemical composition
  • Crumb rubber modified bitumen
  • Oxidation
  • Rheological property

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