Effect of lift force on dense gas-fluidized beds of non-spherical particles

Ivan Mema, Vinay Mahajan, Barry Fitzgerald, Hans Kuipers, Johan Padding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In industry we encounter many processes that rely on equipment in which particles are suspended by a gas flow, such as pneumatic conveyors, CFB gasifiers, combustors and fluidized bed reactors. In numerical models of these processes, particles have traditionally been represented as spheres, thus limiting complexities associated with drag or lift forces. However, spherical particles are not representative of the entities encountered in real systems. For example, non-spherical biomass particles of varying aspect ratios are used in the production of biomass fuels. Thus far literature is quite limited when it comes to hydrodynamic forces experienced by non-spherical particles under fluidized conditions. In fluidized beds, particles will experience varying lift force conditions dependent on the orientation of the particle relative to the direction of the flow. In this study, we investigate numerically the effect of different lift force coefficient correlations on fluidization of spherocylindrical particles. We employ correlations derived from previous simulations on non-spherical particles and aerofoil dynamics in simulations. We also look into the effect of the Di Felice approximation, in this case applied to take into account the effect of surrounding particles on the lift force. Particle interactions are modelled using the Open Source engine CFDEM, which uses the OpenFOAM computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver to describe the fluid component and LIGGGHTS to implement discrete element method (DEM) calculations. We investigate the importance of lift forces on non-spherical particles under dense fluidised conditions and compare results to the case of spherical particles where
lift forces are often neglected.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Oil & Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries
Subtitle of host publicationProgress in Applied CFD - CFD2017
EditorsJan Erik Olsen, Stein Tore Johansen
Place of PublicationOslo, Norway
PublisherSINTEF
Pages71-79
ISBN (Electronic)978-82-536-1544-8
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventCFD 2017: 12th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Oil & Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 30 May 20171 Jun 2017

Publication series

NameSINTEF Proceedings
Volume2
ISSN (Electronic)2387-4295

Conference

ConferenceCFD 2017: 12th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Oil & Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries
CountryNorway
CityTrondheim
Period30/05/171/06/17

Keywords

  • Fluidized bed
  • granular flow
  • CFD-DEM
  • nonspherical particle
  • lift force

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