Effect of recycling agents on rheological properties of epoxy bitumen

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The rejuvenation of epoxy modified bituminous binders is a topic of much debate because such binders may not be able to melt at high temperatures and restore their properties using recycling agents. This paper presents the results of an experimental program developed to evaluate the re-usability of an epoxy modified bitumen, or epoxy bitumen, by using three recycling agents: an aromatic-based agent, an aliphatic-based agent, and a soft binder. The impact of these agents on the response of aged binders was assessed by performing analyses in a Fourier Transformed Infrared spectroscopy and a Dynamic Shear Rheometer. Results indicated that diluting the epoxy binder with a base bitumen can be a feasible method for producing aging resistant binders of long curing time lengths. The most severely oxidized samples were blended with the recycling agents, and the aromatic agent has been proved as the most effective to recover the rheology of aged binders. Significant potential to recover the relaxation characteristics of epoxy bitumen has been demonstrated by using the soft binder. As a result, the epoxy bitumen has shown a similar ‘rejuvenation’ attribute with that of a conventional bitumen, and thus, it might be re-utilized through the standard asphalt recycling processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2592-2606
Number of pages15
JournalRoad Materials and Pavement Design
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Bitumen
  • epoxy asphalt
  • curing
  • aging
  • recycling


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