Effect of salinity on diazotrophic activity and microbial composition of phototrophic communities from Bitter-1 soda lake (Kulunda Steppe, Russia)

Zorigto Namsaraev, Olga Samylina, Marina Sukhacheva, Gennadii Borisenko, Dimitry Y. Sorokin, Tatiana Tourova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Bitter-1 is a shallow hypersaline soda lake in Kulunda Steppe (Altai region, Russia). During a study period between 2005 and 2016, the salinity in the littoral area of the lake fluctuated within the range from 85 to 400 g/L (in July of each year). Light-dependent nitrogen fixation occurred in this lake up to the salt-saturating conditions. The rates increased with a decrease in salinity, both under environmental conditions and in laboratory simulations. The salinities below 100 g/L were favorable for light-dependent nitrogen fixation, while the process was dramatically inhibited above 200 g/L salts. The analysis of nifH genes in environmental samples and in enrichment cultures of diazotrophic phototrophs suggested that anaerobic fermenting and sulfate-reducing bacteria could participate in the dark nitrogen fixation process up to soda-saturating conditions. However, we cannot exclude the possibility that haloalkaliphilic nonheterocystous cyanobacteria (Euhalothece sp. and Geitlerinema sp.) and anoxygenic purple sulfur bacteria (Ectothiorhodospira sp.) might also play a role in the process at light conditions. The heterocystous cyanobacterium Nodularia sp. develops at low salinity (below 80 g/L) that is not characteristic for Bitter-1 Lake and thus does not make a significant contribution to the nitrogen fixation in this lake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalExtremophiles: life under extreme conditions
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Hypersaline
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Phototrophic bacteria
  • Soda lakes
  • Sulfate-reducing bacteria

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