Effect of selected representative biomass gasification tar compounds on Ni-GDC solid oxide fuel cells

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Abstract

Contaminants as particulate matter, sulfur, chlorine and tar should be removed from biosyngas to avoid damaging solid oxide fuel cells. However, there is no sufficient information on tar effect since they might be potentially used as a fuel, or they might cause performance losses and irreversible damages. Therefore, this study aims to assess whether tar can be reformed inside the SOFC and used as fuel. Short-duration experiments were conducted on Ni-GDC cells operating with simulated biosyngas containing different concentrations of representative tar compounds from biomass gasification. While benzene and ethylbenzene could be regarded as additional fuels even at concentrations as high as 15 g/Nm3, naphthalene and phenanthrene act as contaminants for the SOFC electrochemical and catalytic reactions, even at concentrations of 0.3 and 0.05 g/Nm3. However, the effect on these reactions appeared almost completely reversible. Solid carbon deposited on the SOFC ceramic housing in proximity of the inlet. Post-mortem analysis should be performed to asses the tar effect on the cell anode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21124-21135
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume46
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Direct internal reforming
  • SOFC
  • Tar
  • Water gas shift

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