Effect of superficial velocity on liquid injectivity in SAG foam EOR. Part 2: Modelling

Jiakun Gong, Wendy Flores Martinez, Sebastien Vincent-Bonnieu, Ridhwan Zhafri Kamarul Bahrim, Che A Nasser Bakri Che Mamat, Raj Deo Tewari, Mohammad Iqbal Mahamad Amir, Rouhollah Farajzadeh, William Rossen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)


Surfactant-alternating-gas (SAG) is a favored method of foam injection, which has been proved as an efficient way for enhancing oil recovery. However, foam flow is extremely complicated, and there are still unsolved problems for foam application. One is liquid injectivity. Our previous studies suggest that the injectivity in a SAG process is determined by propagation of several banks near the injection well that are not represented by current foam models. Uniform bank properties were assumed. However, in a companion paper, our experimental results show that the dimensionless propagation velocity and the total mobility of banks during the liquid-injection period depends on superficial velocity. Shearing-thinning behavior is observed. In radial flow, the superficial velocity varies with distance from the well. In this study, we scale-up the experimental results using a radial bank-propagation model. The comparison of liquid injectivity estimated from conventional foam simulators (Peaceman equation) and the bank-propagation model show that the conventional foam models cannot represent the effect of the superficial-velocity-dependent fluid properties during liquid injection in a SAG process. The shear-thinning behavior can lead to much better liquid injectivity than expected, which should be accounted for in a field application of a SAG foam process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118302
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Bank-propagation model
  • Enhanced oil recovery
  • Foam
  • Injectivity
  • Superficial velocity
  • Surfactant-alternating-gas


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