Effect of test parameters on dynamic resistance measurement results from on-load tap changers

JJ Erbrink, E Gulski, JJ Smit, R Leich, B Quak

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


    Static resistance measurements on power transformers give an indication about increased contact resistances of the OLTC. Increased contact resistances can also be measured by means of a dynamic resistance measurement (DRM). This paper elaborates on condition diagnosis of electrical contacts of in-tank high-speed resistor tap changers using DRM. DRM uses a low test current through the on-load tap changer to detect increased contact resistances and current interruptions. The difference with static resistance measurements is that the tap changer is switched through all its tap positions during the test. The test current gets no change to fully stabilize due to the inductance of the transformer windings. DRM is therefore less accurate then static resistance measurements but contains more information about the type and location of tap changer defect. This contribution will show that more defects on OLTC's can be found with DRM compared to static resistance tests: the additional value of DRM compared to static winding resistance measurements is discussed. Secondly, important topics that should be considered when performing dynamic resistance measurements are discussed, like the effect of the test current amplitude, the secondary short-circuit and circuit resistance. Simulation results and experimental data are presented to make the reader familiar with the pros and cons of dynamic resistance measurements.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation
    EditorsS.G. Bomben
    Place of PublicationSan Diego
    PublisherIEEE Society
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-6298-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    Event2010 IEEE International symposium on electrical insulation (ISEI), San Diego - Piscataway
    Duration: 6 Jun 20109 Jun 2010

    Publication series



    Conference2010 IEEE International symposium on electrical insulation (ISEI), San Diego


    • conference contrib. refereed
    • Conf.proc. > 3 pag


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