The combined effects of the initial microstructure and heating rate on ferrite recrystallization, austenite formation and transformation kinetics of a regular ferrite-martensite dual phase steel are investigated. Special attention is given to the effect of the martensite distribution on mechanical properties, particularly the bendability. Ferrite recrystallization in the cold rolled bainitic grade proceeds faster than in the ferrite-pearlite grade. The reason for this is the higher defect density leading to a lower activation energy. The junctions between the cementite and the ferrite grain boundaries are the preferred austenite nucleation sites. Those ferrite boundaries far away from the cementite can only be invaded by austenite through carbon supplied by cementite dissolution and carbon segregation. When using a high heating rate, nucleation of austenite can occur in a massive-like manner, and the austenite transformation kinetics is remarkably accelerated. The bendability of DP steel is determined by a combination of structural parameters, such as grain size, volume fraction as well as spatial distribution of martensite. A short in-line holding-step during heating can alleviate the banding severity and improve the bendability of this ferrite-martensite DP steel.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Austenite transformation kinetics
- Dual phase steel
- Ferrite recrystallization
- Martensite distribution