Effect of vibrational modes on fluidization characteristics and solid distribution of cohesive micro- and nano-silica powders

Rens Kamphorst*, Kaiqiao Wu, Matthijs van Baarlen, Gabrie M.H. Meesters, J. Ruud van Ommen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this study, the impact of different vibrational modes on the fluidization characteristics of cohesive micro- and nano-silica powder was examined. Fractional pressure drop, bed expansion measurements, and X-ray imaging were utilized to characterize the fluidization quality. The densities of the emulsion phase at the top and bottom of the column were quantified and compared, providing insights into the solid distribution within the fluidized bed. In the absence of vibration, neither powder could be fluidized within the considered range of superficial gas velocities. Vertical vibration was found to initiate fluidization for both powders. In contrast, elliptical vibration failed to overcome the channelling behavior when fluidizing the micro-powder. For nano-powder, combined channelling and powder compaction occurred when the bed was subjected to elliptical vibration. For the micro-powder, it was observed that bed homogeneity was independent of vertical vibration intensity but improved with increasing superficial gas velocity. For nano-powder, intensifying vertical vibration led to segregation, likely due to agglomerate densification. Furthermore, fractional pressure drop measurements proved to be a strong tool in assessing fluidization quality, providing insights that could not be attained by conventional indicators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119911
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume291
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Agglomeration
  • Assistance methods
  • Cohesive particles
  • Nano-particles
  • Vibro-fluidized bed
  • X-ray imaging

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