Effect of Water Content on Thermodynamic Properties of Compressed Hydrogen

Ahmadreza Rahbari, Julio C. Garcia-Navarro, Mahinder Ramdin, Leo J.P. Van Den Broeke, Othonas A. Moultos, David Dubbeldam, Thijs J.H. Vlugt

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Abstract

Force field-based molecular simulations were used to calculate thermal expansivities, heat capacities, and Joule-Thomson coefficients of binary (standard) hydrogen-water mixtures for temperatures between 366.15 and 423.15 K and pressures between 50 and 1000 bar. The mole fraction of water in saturated hydrogen-water mixtures in the gas phase ranges from 0.004 to 0.138. The same properties were calculated for pure hydrogen at 323.15 K and pressures between 100 and 1000 bar. Simulations were performed using the TIP3P and a modified TIP4P force field for water and the Marx, Vrabec, Cracknell, Buch, and Hirschfelder force fields for hydrogen. The vapor-liquid equilibria of hydrogen-water mixtures were calculated along the melting line of ice Ih, corresponding to temperatures between 264.21 and 272.4 K, using the TIP3P force field for water and the Marx force field for hydrogen. In this temperature range, the solubilities and the chemical potentials of hydrogen and water were obtained. Based on the computed solubility data of hydrogen in water, the freezing-point depression of water was computed ranging from 264.21 to 272.4 K. The modified TIP4P and Marx force fields were used to improve the solubility calculations of hydrogen-water mixtures reported in our previous study [ Rahbari, A.;et al. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2019, 64, 4103-4115 ] for temperatures between 323 and 423 K and pressures ranging from 100 to 1000 bar. The chemical potentials of ice Ih were calculated as a function of pressure between 100 and 1000 bar, along the melting line for temperatures between 264.21 and 272.4 K, using the IAPWS equation of state for ice Ih. We show that at low pressures, the presence of water has a large effect on the thermodynamic properties of compressed hydrogen. Our conclusions may have consequences for the energetics of a hydrogen refueling station using electrochemical hydrogen compressors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2071-2087
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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