Effect of wettability and textile architecture on fluid displacement and pore formation during infiltration of carbon fibrous preforms

Helena Teixidó, Baris Caglar, Véronique Michaud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

We seek to address how air entrapment mechanisms during infiltration are influenced by the wetting characteristics of the fluid and the pore network formed by the reinforcement. To this end, we evaluated the behavior of two model fluids with different surface tensions, infiltrating three carbon fiber reinforcements, by means of X-ray radiography. We also assessed initial (dry) and final (wetted) states for each experiment by performing X-ray CT scans. We found that the fluid characteristics strongly affect the flow front patterns and pore filling events for a given fabric architecture. Two main promoters of snap-off events are involved in capillary dominated flows: a very wetting system leading to corner flows and the fabric bundles oriented perpendicular to the flow acting as obstacles, specifically in fabric architectures prone to variations in nesting. Finally, we evaluated the applicability of a pore network model to further link preform architecture and void formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107733
Number of pages14
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Carbon Fibers
  • Porosity
  • Wettability
  • Resin Flow

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