Effects of Façades on Urban Acoustic Environment and Soundscape: A Systematic Review

A. Balderrama*, Jian Kang, Alejandro Prieto, A. Luna Navarro, Daniel Arztmann, U. Knaack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


Façades cover a significant amount of surfaces in cities and are in constant interaction with the acoustic environment. Noise pollution is one of the most concerning burdens for public health and wellbeing; however, façade acoustic performance is generally not considered in outdoor spaces, in contrast to indoor spaces. This study presents a systematic literature review examining 40 peer-reviewed papers regarding the effects of façades on the urban acoustic environment and the soundscape. Façades affect sound pressure levels and reverberation time in urban spaces and can affect people’s perception of the acoustic environment. The effects are classified into three groups: Effects of façades on the urban acoustic environment, including sound-reflecting, sound-absorbing and sound-producing effects; Effects of façades on the urban soundscape, including auditory and non-auditory effects; Effects of the context on the acoustic environment around façades, including boundary effects and atmospheric effects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9670
Number of pages19
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • façade
  • building envelope
  • acoustics
  • acoustic environment
  • soundscape
  • urban comfort

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