Effects of microporous layer on electrolyte flooding in gas diffusion electrodes and selectivity of CO2 electrolysis to CO

Yuming Wu, Sahil Garg, Mengran Li, Mohamed Nazmi Idros, Zhiheng Li, Rijia Lin, Jian Chen, Guoxiong Wang, Thomas E. Rufford*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Understanding the relationship between gas diffusion electrode (GDE) structures and the performance of electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) is crucial to developing industrial-scale technologies to convert CO2 to valuable products. We studied how the microporous layer (MPL) on GDE's coated with silver nanoparticle catalysts affects the electrochemical CO2 conversion to CO in a flow cell electrolyser. We demonstrate a convenient method to measure the rate of catholyte seepage through a GDE during CO2RR experiments and used this method to show how the MPL thickness affects flooding of the GDE. We found the GDE with the thickest MPL (39BB) had the best selectivity for CO and stability at current densities above 100 mA cm−2 as the thick MPL minimized flooding. However, at low current densities the 39BB electrode achieved a lower CO selectivity than the GDE with thinner MPL. These results suggest opportunities to improve CO2 electrolyser performances at high current by optimisation of the MPL structure and wettability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230998
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume522
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Electrochemical CO reduction
  • Electrolyte flooding
  • Gas diffusion electrode
  • Microporous layer
  • Thickness

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