3D Cf/SiC–Al composites were achieved through the pressure infiltration of liquid Al–Si alloy into porous 3D Cf/SiC preform, which was produced by different cycles of precursor infiltration and pyrolysis. The effect of silicon carbide volume fraction on the microstructure, anisotropic mechanical response, and thermophysical characteristics of the 3D Cf/SiC–Al composites was investigated. The results demonstrated that the initial microstructure of 3D Cf/SiC can be retained, and the obtained Cf/SiC–Al composites presented remarkable anisotropy characteristics. As the silicon carbide ceramics content increased from 12.5 vol% to 41.8 vol%, the thermal conductivity and thermal expansion coefficient of 3D Cf/SiC–Al composites decreased, whereas the bending strength initially increased and then decreased in the Z-direction. The bending strength perpendicular (Z) to the carbon cloth layer of 3D Cf/SiC–Al composites was higher than that of parallel (X–Y) to the carbon cloth layer. However, a significant anisotropy in the thermal conductivity values was the opposite. The 3D Cf/SiC–Al composite with 1ow ceramic content (17 vol%) had a higher thermal conductivity in the X–Y direction (64 W m−1 K−1) than in the Z-direction (34 W m−1 K−1). The thermal expansion coefficient of all the 3D Cf/SiC–Al composites along the X–Y direction also decreased initially and then increased in the range of 100–450 °C, which presents low expansion characteristics.
- 3D C/SiC–Al composites
- Anisotropic mechanical properties
- Thermophysical characteristics