Efficient Allocation of Harvested Energy at the Edge by Building a Tangible Micro-Grid - The Texas Case

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The electricity grid, using Information and Communication Technology, is transformed into Smart Grid (SG), which is highly efficient and responsive, promoting two-way energy and information flow between energy-distributors and consumers. Many consumers are becoming prosumers by also harvesting energy. The trend is to form small communities of consumers/prosumers, leading to Micro-grids (MG) to manage energy locally. MGs are parts of SG that decentralize the energy flow, allocating the excess of harvested energy within the community. Energy allocation amongst them must solve certain issues viz., 1) balancing supply/demand within MGs; 2) how allocating energy to a user affects his/her community; and 3) what are the economic benefits for users. To address these issues, we propose six Energy Allocation Strategies (EASs) for MGs - ranging from simple to optimal and their combinations. We maximize the usage of harvested energy within the MG. We form household-groups sharing similar characteristics to apply EASs by analyzing energy and socioeconomic data thoroughly. We propose four evaluation metrics and evaluate our EASs on data acquired from 443 households over a year. By prioritizing specific households, we increase the number of fully served households to 81% compared to random sharing. By combining EASs, we boost the social welfare parameter by 49%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9308930
Pages (from-to)94-105
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • clustering
  • energy allocation strategies
  • game theory
  • harvested energy
  • Micro-girds
  • social welfare
  • water filling

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