Efficient waveguide power combiners at mm-wave frequencies

Ralph van Schelven, Marco Spirito, Daniele Cavallo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In this study, an efficient power combiner for mm-wave frequency transmitters is investigated. The combiner is based on a parallel plate waveguide (PPW) excited with multiple parallel feeds. The Doherty power combiner scheme is also integrated in the proposed concept, to increase the efficiency of the amplifiers when implementing amplitude modulation. The advantage of the proposed PPW combiner with respect to other concepts, for example, the ones based on substrate-integrated waveguide, is the wider bandwidth and the scalability to an arbitrary number of inputs. Measured results from a demonstrator realised in standard printed circuit board technology are presented. Two variations of the combiner are implemented, one terminated with a 50 Ω coaxial output, and another integrated with an antenna. In the latter case, the waveguide is folded so that both the power combiner and the antenna fit within a half wavelength size, and thus would be compatible with a dense antenna array implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-477
Number of pages11
JournalIET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • millimetre waves
  • parallel plate waveguides
  • power combiners


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