Elastic behaviour of a tapered steel-concrete composite beam optimized for reuse

Martin Nijgh, Andrei Gîrbacea, Milan Veljkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
169 Downloads (Pure)


Steel-concrete composite beams are widely used in practice because of their simple construction sequence and economic cross-section design. Reuse of traditional composite beams is not possible due to the permanent connection between the steel beam and concrete deck established by welded headed studs. To allow for fast construction, demountability and reuse of composite beams, various demountable shear connectors can be used. In this paper the results of experiments carried out on demountable and reusable tapered composite beams, consisting of a tapered steel beam and large-scale prefabricated concrete decks, are presented. The performance of various arrangements of resin-injected bolt-coupler shear connectors was considered to optimize the beneficial effect of composite action whilst minimizing the number of shear connectors. An advantage of resin-injected bolted shear connectors is that composite action is obtained instantaneously and simultaneously for all connectors. Demountability and reusability of the composite beam were successfully demonstrated experimentally. Experimental and numerical results indicated that the number of shear connectors necessary to fulfil deflection and end-slip limits can be reduced by concentrating them near the supports of a simply-supported beam. Results obtained using finite element models closely matched the experimental results in terms of deflection, stresses and curvature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-374
Number of pages9
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


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