Electrode interface polarization formation in dielectric elastomer actuators

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Abstract

Dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) are a class of electrostatic actuators that have promising applications in fields like sensors, soft-robotics, microfluidics, and energy harvesting. The crucial points in the working principle of DEA are the application of high electric field and the use of compliant electrodes. These electrodes are typically composed of a mixture of a soft polymer base filled with highly conductive particles. In this work, we show that the charged impurities, possibly present in the electrodes composite, in combination with a high electric field can cause the formation of polarization interface layers between the electrodes and the inner dielectric. These layers can, in the long term, diminish the actuation performance of the DEA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111992
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Volume312
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • DIelectric elastomer actuators
  • Dielectric spectroscopy
  • Electroactive polymers
  • Electrode polarization
  • Interface polarization
  • Reliability
  • Space charges

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