Elutriation and agglomerate size distribution in a silica nanoparticle vibro-fluidized bed

Zhen Feng, Daoyin Liu*, Wangle Zhang, Hao Feng, J. Ruud van Ommen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Fluidization of nanoparticle agglomerates is a promising technique to process nanoparticles. However, possible elutriation of small agglomerates may cause significant loss of bed material. To obtain the elutriation behavior under stable operation, in this study the elutriation fraction of silica nanoparticle agglomerates is measured in a vibro-fluidized bed, which is operated for several hours. Among conditions with different fluidizing gas velocities, Ug, and vibration strength, Λ, the lowest elutriation fraction measured is around 5% after 7-hour fluidization. The elutriation fraction increases significantly with Ug, while varies slightly with Λ. To help elucidating the elutriation behavior, the agglomerates at three different locations (bed surface, splash zone, and bed outlet) are sampled and their size distributions are determined. The elutriation rate constant is found to be much smaller than the literature results for ordinary particles, and the reasons are discussed in detail. Finally, an empirical correlation considering size distribution is proposed to fit the elutriation rate constant for the conditions in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134654
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Agglomerate size distribution
  • Elutriation
  • Elutriation rate constant
  • Fluidization
  • Nanoparticle agglomerate


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