Emergence of Coupled Rotor Dynamics in Metal-Organic Frameworks via Tuned Steric Interactions

Adrian Gonzalez-Nelson, Srinidhi Mula, Mantas Šimėnas, Sergejus Balčiū Nas, Adam R. Altenhof, Cameron S. Vojvodin, Stefano Canossa, Jū Ras Banys, Monique A. Van Der Veen, More Authors

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The organic components in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are unique: they are embedded in a crystalline lattice, yet, as they are separated from each other by tunable free space, a large variety of dynamic behavior can emerge. These rotational dynamics of the organic linkers are especially important due to their influence over properties such as gas adsorption and kinetics of guest release. To fully exploit linker rotation, such as in the form of molecular machines, it is necessary to engineer correlated linker dynamics to achieve their cooperative functional motion. Here, we show that for MIL-53, a topology with closely spaced rotors, the phenylene functionalization allows researchers to tune the rotors' steric environment, shifting linker rotation from completely static to rapid motions at frequencies above 100 MHz. For steric interactions that start to inhibit independent rotor motion, we identify for the first time the emergence of coupled rotation modes in linker dynamics. These findings pave the way for function-specific engineering of gear-like cooperative motion in MOFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12053-12062
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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