Emergency department care for patients with mental health problems, a longitudinal registry study and a before and after intervention study

M. Christien Van Der Linden*, Ferdi J.E. Balk, Bastiaan J.H. Van Der Hoeven, Merel Van Loon, Frans J. De Voeght, Naomi Van Der Linden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the numbers and length of stay (LOS) of patients with mental health (MH) problems at a Dutch emergency department (ED) and the effect of a psychiatric intervention team (PIT) on patient flow. Methods: A longitudinal design was used to assess number of MH presentations and LOS during a 3-year period (2014–2016). In 2017, we introduced a PIT during ED peak hours, to reduce LOS for patients with MH problems. We evaluate the effects of the PIT on patients’ LOS with an 18-month before and after intervention study (2017–2018). Results: Total number of ED presentations increased with 4%. Total number of MH presentations increased with 23% from 2014 to 2016. LOS increased by 28 min (95 min vs. 123 min) for all presentations, while not changing for MH presentations (2014: 195 min, interquartile range (IQR) 120–293 and 2016: 190 min, IQR 116–296). In the before and after intervention study, number of MH presentations increased with 36% while LOS decreased with 46 min (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The number of MH presentations increased over the three years while LOS remained similar. In the before and after intervention study, number of presentations increased even more while LOS decreased significantly. Specialist psychiatric input reduces ED LOS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Emergency Nursing
Volume44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emergency department
  • Mental health
  • Suicide attempt

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Emergency department care for patients with mental health problems, a longitudinal registry study and a before and after intervention study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this