Emission Modeling of an Interturbine Burner Based on Flameless Combustion

André A.V. Perpignan, M.G. Talboom, Yeshayahou Levy, Arvind Gangoli Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Since its discovery, the flameless combustion (FC) regime has been a promising alternative to reduce pollutant emissions of gas turbine engines. This combustion mode is characterized by well-distributed reaction zones, which potentially decreases temperature gradients, acoustic oscillations, and NOx emissions. Its attainment within gas turbine engines has proved to be challenging because previous design attempts faced limitations related to operational range and combustion efficiency. Along with an aircraft conceptual design, the AHEAD project proposed a novel hybrid engine. One of the key features of the proposed hybrid engine is the use of two combustion chambers, with the second combustor operating in the FC mode. This novel configuration would allow the facilitation of the attainment of the FC regime. The conceptual design was adapted to a laboratory scale combustor that was tested at elevated temperature and atmospheric pressure. In the current work, the emission behavior of this scaled combustor is analyzed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and chemical reactor network (CRN). The CFD was able to provide information with the flow field in the combustor, while the CRN was used to model and predict emissions. The CRN approach allowed the analysis of the NOx formation pathways, indicating that the prompt NOx was the dominant pathway in the combustor. The combustor design can be improved by modifying the mixing between fuel and oxidizer as well as the split between combustion and dilution air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-838
Number of pages17
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2018

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