Energy and Complexity

Zofia Lukszo, Ettore Bompard, Paul Hines, Liz Varga

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


Sustainable energy systems are complex sociotechnical systems with a social network of many players that “together” develop, operate, and maintain the technical infrastructure. No single player controls the system, but their actions are coordinated through a range of institutions—informal and formal rules—and regulations. As the control is distributed among actors, the overall system behaviour (at different time scales) emerges from operating practices and characteristics, from(dis)investment decisions, and fromother aspects of the players’ strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6937505
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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