Energy budget analysis of aeroelastic limit-cycle oscillations

A. C L M van Rooij*, J. Nitzsche, R. P. Dwight

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this work limit-cycle oscillations (LCOs) caused by aerodynamic non-linearities were analysed using fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simulations of a two-degree-of-freedom airfoil system. A comparison with sinusoidal forced motion oscillation simulations at the fundamental frequency was performed. The results show that using the first harmonic component for the forced motion oscillations is a good approach to describe the limit-cycle oscillations considered in this work. Following the work of G. Dietz, G. Schewe and H. Mai (2004), Journal of Fluids and Structures, Vol. 19, an energy budget analysis of the limit-cycle oscillations was performed. Power analysis of the LCO reveals that the power of the lift and moment show non-linear behaviour with increasing amplitude. The linearised equivalent power components that would occur in case of flutter were computed. These show that the defect in the power of the lift in the non-linear case is caused by the increase of the phase of the lift with oscillation amplitude, which is the result of the unsteady shock wave motions on both upper and lower surface of the airfoil. The power of the moment also shows a defect, which is much smaller than in case of the lift. This defect is caused by variations in both the magnitude and the phase of the moment with oscillation amplitude.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-186
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Aerodynamic non-linearities
  • Complex mode shape
  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • Limit-cycle oscillations
  • Power analysis


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