Energy contribution of OFMSW (Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste) to energy-environmental sustainability in urban areas at small scale

Umberto Di Matteo, Benedetto Nastasi, Angelo Albo, Davide Astiaso Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Urban waste management is one of the most challenging issues in energy planning of medium and large cities. In addition to the traditional landfill method, many studies are investigating energy harvesting from waste, not as a panacea but as a foreseeable solution. Thermo-chemical conversion to biogas, or even bio-methane under certain conditions, could be an option to address this challenge. This study focuses on municipal solid waste conversion to biogas as a local energy supply for the cities. Three urban models and their subdivision into urban areas were identified along with a typical Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) matrix for each urban area. Then, an energy analysis was carried out to provide an optimization map for an informed choice by urban policy-makers and stakeholders. The results highlighted how the urban context and its use could affect the opportunity to produce energy from waste or to convert it in fuel. So, in this case, sustainability means waste turning from a problem to a renewable resource.

Original languageEnglish
Article number229
JournalEnergies
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Bioenergy
  • Biogas
  • Distributed generation
  • Energy planning
  • Environmental management
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Urban sustainability

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