Energy Self-Sustainability in Full-Spectrum 6G

Jie Hu, Qing Wang, Kun Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


Full-spectrum ranging from sub-6 GHz to THz and visible light will be exploited in 6G in order to reach unprecedented key-performance-indica-tors. However, an extraordinary amount of energy will be consumed by network infrastructure, while functions of massively deployed Internet of Everything (IoE) devices are limited by embedded batteries. Therefore, energy self-sustainable (ESS) 6G is proposed in this article. First of all, it may achieve network-wide energy efficiency by exploiting cell-free and airborne access networks as well as by implementing intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs). Second, by exploiting radio-frequency/visible-light signals for on-demand wireless information and energy provision (WIEP) and for enabling passive backscatter communication, 'zero-energy' IoE devices may become a reality. Furthermore, IoE devices actively adapt their transceivers for better performance to a dynamic environment. Case studies of cell-free and IRS based WIEP are provided for demonstrating the advantage of our proposed architecture in terms of energy self-sustainability. This article aims to provide a first glance at primary designing principles of ESS-6G.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9261955
Pages (from-to)104-111
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


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